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Notes for

The Revelation

Chapter Seventeen


1. John is invited by the angel to look into the future and see the "judgment" (or final end) of Satan's churches. It is very important that we know HOW God destroys His opposition and this is one place where it is set out well. [Here is a site for a good book on the subject].

In the vision they are all depicted as one woman sitting on water.

The "woman" is not a vulgar street slut, or prostitute begging for a living, as many seem to think. She is an attractive, stimulating and seductive "call girl" dressed in purple (the clothing of the very rich), and sporting a great deal of expensive jewelry. She "hobnobs" with the kings and great merchants of the earth.

She is also called "Great Babylon" and has numerous "daughters", or churches, which think the way she does. She, of course, is the mother church. Her teachings captivate the people of the world who think that she is just the best!!

What a description of the Roman Catholic system!

Many Protestants suppose that the Catholic religion is unattractive and that its worship is a dull, meaningless round of ceremony. Here they make a great mistake. While Romanism is based upon deception, it is not a coarse and clumsy imposture. The religious service of the Roman Church is a most impressive ceremonial. Its gorgeous display and solemn rites fascinate the senses of the people and silence the voice of reason and of conscience. The eye is charmed. Magnificent churches, imposing processions, golden altars, jewelled shrines, choice paintings, and exquisite sculpture appeal to the love of beauty.

The ear also is captivated. The music is unsurpassed. The rich notes of the deep-toned organ, blending with the melody of many voices as it swells through the lofty domes and pillared aisles of her grand cathedrals, cannot fail to impress the mind with awe and reverence.

But this outward splendour, pomp, and ceremony, that only mocks the longings of the sin-sick soul, is an evidence of inward corruption, for the religion of Christ does not need such attractions to recommend it. In the light shining from the cross, true Christianity appears so pure and lovely that no external decorations can enhance its true worth. It is the beauty of holiness, a meek and quiet spirit, which is of value with God.

An indication of the mood of the people who follow this kind of false religion can be gained by this exchange of words between Jeremiah the prophet of God, and the exiles who had forcibly taken him into Egypt after the destruction of Jerusalem, even though they had been told that they would all die there!

Jeremiah 44:15-23 A deliberate choice - led by the women

Then all the men which knew that their wives had burned incense to other gods, and all the women that stood by, a great multitude, even all the [Jewish] people that dwelt in the land of Egypt, in Pathros, answered Jeremiah, saying [through the mouth of a spokeswoman],

A refusal to change

As for the word that you have spoken to us in the name of the LORD, we will not hearken to you. But we will certainly do whatever thing goes forth out of our own mouth [this is self will], to burn incense to the queen of heaven [to pray to her], and to pour out drink offerings to her, as we have done, we, and our fathers [our ancestors], our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: for then had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil. [They had had the mark of the beast (the worship of Baal) in their hands for a long time].

But since we left off to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings to her, we have wanted all things, and have been consumed by the sword and by the famine.

Their men were willing to follow their lead

And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven, and poured out drink offerings to her, did we make her cakes to worship her, and pour out drink offerings to her, without our men [knowing and agreeing with what we were doing]?

But that’s why the bad times came!

Then Jeremiah said to all the people, to the men, and to the women, and to all the people which had given him that answer, saying,

The incense that you burned in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, you, and your fathers, your kings, and your princes, and the people of the land, did not the LORD remember them, and came it not into His mind? [They had filled up their cup of iniquity].

So that the LORD could no longer bear [or protect], because of the evil of your doings, and because of the abominations which you have committed; therefore is your land a desolation, and an astonishment, and a curse, without an inhabitant, as at this day. Because you have burned incense, and because you have sinned against the LORD, and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD, nor walked in His law, nor in His statutes, nor in His testimonies; therefore this evil is happened to you, as at this day.


 

Genesis 4:16-17 Babylon = Babel = Cain's city

And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden. And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he built a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch.

From the beginning of time the Lord has used Cain's action as a picture of the end awaiting the rejecters of His advice and mercy. God suggested that mankind should live in a garden surrounded by the things which He had made. Rebellious man's response was to organise political unities called "cities" or "nations" and surround himself with things that he has made. God's plan called for families to exist with parents as heads, and to help one another. Cain's system is based on one of their own being elected into a kingship or presidency, and this leads directly into attempts to overthrow the leadership, the basis of all wars. In his system it is every man for himself.

A city is not built by a few people. Many of Cain's brothers and sisters sided with him in the rebellion and left the area around the garden. Seth and his companions, who were the descendants of Abel, remained there loyal to God and His commandments. So there were now two distinct societies in the world - the obedient and the disobedient.

Notwithstanding that Cain had by his crimes merited the sentence of death, a merciful Creator still spared and protected his life, and granted him opportunity for repentance. But Cain lived only to harden his heart, to encourage rebellion against the divine authority, and to become the head of a line of bold, abandoned sinners.

This one apostate, led on by Satan, became a tempter to others; and his example and influence exerted their demoralising power, until the earth became so corrupt and filled with violence as to cause its own destruction.

In sparing the life of the first murderer, God presented before the whole universe a lesson bearing upon the great controversy.

The dark history of Cain and his descendants was an illustration of what would have been the result of protecting the sinner to live on forever, to carry out his rebellion against God. He did delay the inevitable result of sin so that there was time for repentance, and placed the "enmity" in each person born so that they could do so. Genesis 3:15; John 1:9. But the forbearance of God only rendered the wicked more bold and defiant in their iniquity. Romans 2:4. Fifteen centuries after the sentence pronounced upon Cain, the universe witnessed the fruition of his influence and example, in the crime and pollution that flooded the earth.

It was then made clear to the universe that the sentence of death (the "wages" of sin) pronounced upon the fallen race for the transgression of God's law was both just and merciful. The longer men and women lived in sin, the more abandoned they became. The divine revelation that sin will cut short a career of unbridled iniquity, and thus free the world from the influence of those who had become hardened in rebellion, was seen as a blessing rather than a curse. The sentence of death was recognised as a statement of fact rather than a condemnation by a Judge.

Jeremiah 51:7-9 God would like to have healed Babylon

Babylon has been a golden cup in the LORD's hand, that made all the earth drunken [this allowed some of the undecided to see the difference between right and wrong]: [but] the nations have drunk of her wine; therefore the nations are mad.

But He could not do it

[However,] Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed: howl for her; take balm [medicine] for her pain, if so be she may be healed.

We would have healed Babylon, but she is not healed: forsake her, and let us go every one into his own country: for her judgment reaches to heaven, and is lifted up even to the skies.

By the facts unfolded in the progress of the great controversy, God has demonstrated the principles of His rules of government, which have been falsified by Satan and by all whom he has deceived. His justice will finally be acknowledged by the whole world, though the acknowledgment will be made too late to save the rebellious for they will not change even when they know the truth.

God carries with Him the sympathy and approval of the whole universe as step by step His great plan advances to its complete fulfillment. He will carry it with Him in the final eradication of rebellion. It will be seen that all who have forsaken the divine precepts have placed themselves on the side of Satan, in warfare against Christ. When the prince of this world shall be judged, and all who have united with him shall share his fate, the whole universe as witnesses to the sentence will declare, "Just and true are Your ways, You King of saints." Revelation 15:3.

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2. Being in the "wilderness" is the opposite to being in the world. This sets the time period for us. The woman controlling the beast does not have much power in the world while John is being shown what is to befall her.

In the wilderness

Another clue to notice is that there are no crowns anywhere on this beast - not on the heads or on the horns.

These signs tell us that this vision applies to the time of the sixth "head", this present age of materialism, when money is worshipped rather than a god. John was seeing the beast and its rider as we see them today. The system of church and state union has no power in politics at all right now. In the diagram below the power of the beast is shown by the red line, while the blue line tells us of the progress of the church of God. Because only one religion can control or guide the world at any one time, only one colour is above the time line of history at any given moment.

Right now God is expecting His people to raise the standard of the Ten Commandments, especially the Sabbath rest, and call the world to account.

Hebrews 3:12-19; 4:1-2

Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God. But exhort one another daily, while it is called "Today;" lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.

For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast to the end; while it is said, Today if you will hear His voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation [or the rebellion in the exodus]. For some, when they had heard [the gospel], did provoke [or rebel]: however not all that came out of Egypt by Moses. But with whom was He grieved forty years? [See Ephesians 4:30]. Was it not with them that had sinned, whose carcasses fell in the wilderness?

And to whom swear He that they should not enter into His [Sabbath] rest, but them that believed not? So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief [i.e. rejection].

Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into His rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. For to us was the gospel preached, as well as to them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it.

In verse one the angel says that the woman is sitting on "many waters", but when John sees her in vision in verse three he sees her sitting on "the beast". These two symbols are describing the same thing - large populations of people who allow religious leaders to control their minds - and this is yet to be.

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3. We have already seen what this title means. The "mother" church is content to allow her "daughters" to call themselves "Christian" so long as she is acknowledged as supreme. But God sees them all as "abominations" because they believe in the use of force in a religion which is based on love and free choice!

She is a "mystery" only because the majority have not allowed God to explain the truth to them.

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4. Matthew 23:29-38 They say they are not like the old ones

Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because you build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish [or decorate] the sepulchres of the righteous, and say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.

Wherefore you be witnesses to yourselves, that you are the children of them which killed the prophets. Fill you up then the measure of your fathers. [Like father, like son]. You serpents, you generation of vipers, how can you escape the damnation of hell?

But their actions prove otherwise

Wherefore [because of this], behold, I send to you prophets [to try and save you from "hell"], and wise men, and scribes: and some of them you shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall you scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city: that upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel [Adam’s son] to the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom you slew between the temple and the altar [just recently].

Verily I say to you, All these things shall come upon this generation. O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you that kill the prophets, and stone them which are sent to you, how often would I have gathered your children together, even as a hen gathers her chickens under her wings, and you would not [let Me]! Behold, your house is left to you desolate.

These words of truth were spoken to the Pharisees by Jesus but they have a universal application also. Satan's system is responsible for all the deaths which have occurred in this world.

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5. The angel confirms the time period John is seeing in his vision. The beast "was" in charge of the world during the 1260 years from 538 to 1798. However, after receiving the "mortal wound" it has retreated to the "wilderness" and therefore "is not" evident in the world today, while Satan is preparing for his final attack on God's system. When it returns ("it shall ascend out of the bottomless pit" the angel tells John) it will prosper for 42 months or 3 1/2 years.

After that it will go into "perdition" which is defined as being the place where the rejecters (and neglecters) of God's mercy dwell.

Hebrews 10:38-39

Now the just shall live by faith: but if any man draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. But we are not of them who draw back to perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul.

That the expression "bottomless pit" represents the earth in a state of confusion and darkness is evident from other Scriptures. At the moment it is a mental term, but it will also become physical in the future.

Concerning the condition of the earth "in the beginning," the Bible record says that it was:-

Genesis 1:2

without form [or shape because it was under the water], and void [of life]; and darkness was upon the face of the deep.

Prophecy teaches that it will be brought back, partially at least, to this condition. Looking forward to the great day of God, the prophet declares:

Jeremiah 4:23-26

I beheld the earth, and, lo, it was without form, and void; and the heavens, and they had no light. I beheld the mountains, and, lo, they trembled, and all the hills moved lightly. I beheld, and, lo, there was no man, and all the birds of the heavens were fled. I beheld, and, lo, the fruitful place was a wilderness, and all the cities thereof were broken down.

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Special Note: The phrase "was [in power], and is not [in power], and yet is [still with us]" has already been explained as the period of 1260 years and the present time. The religious section of the beast is still physically in the world, but without power in world politics. No matter how the pope speaks out the people of the world in general ignore him. But here the angel tells us again that "they that dwell on the earth shall wonder", so he is telling us that as shown in chapter 13, the power of the beast will return. This next time the whole world will be with him, not just the nations of Europe, and they do not think that they can fail to establish a "Christian" world by getting rid of the dissenters.

That 42 months will be the time of the great tribulation that Jesus mentioned in Matthew chapter 24. At some time during (and before) that period of three and a half years, there will an opportunity for every saint to escape and flee into the mountains. In the literal experience at the siege of Jerusalem the Roman armies withdrew for a short period, and every Christian left the city immediately. The Jews were too busy harassing the Romans to take notice of them. So it will be in the last days. We should pray that we will not be too busy to hear the warnings sounded by the Spirit some time before the event for each will have to make up their own mind as to the seriousness of the times.

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6. The city of Rome has always been known as the city of seven hills.

Funk & Wagnall's Dictionary:-

Seven Hills of Rome, n.pl. the seven hills (the Aventine, Caelian, Capitoline, Esquiline, Palatine, Quirinal, and Viminal) on and about which the ancient/ city of Rome was built.

Encyclopaedia Britannica:-

Seven Hills of Rome

group of hills on or about which the ancient/ city of Rome was built. The original city of Romulus was built upon Palatine Hill (Latin: Mons Palatinus). The other hills are the Capitoline, Quirinal, Viminal, Esquiline, Caelian, and Aventine...

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7. The seven political king/heads of Satan's kingdom.

Kings

Nations

five are fallen

first king

Babylon

second king

Medo-Persia

third king

Greece

fourth king

Pagan Rome

fifth king

Papal Rome

and one is

sixth king

Materialism

one is to come

seventh king

Apostate Protestantism in the USA combining with the Federal Government

the beast that was, and is not

eighth king

Unions of church & State

 

The seventh head will only last for a short time because its mission is simply to initiate the image of the beast. Once started the image will soon spread to all the world, and become the eighth head.

 

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8.

Who sits on what!

whore =... woman =..... Satan’s powers = ............Rome = ...............city = .......religion = Babylon


waters = ....beast =..... 7 heads+10 horns =.... 7 mountains = 7 kings + 1 =.... nations = Euphrates

To make sure that we get the interpretation right, the Holy Spirit uses many different illustrations of the same situation.

The angel informs us that there are really eight controlling powers on the beast, for Satan is behind all of them. It is he who is preparing the Protestant churches of the USA to agitate for Sunday laws in response to a Sabbath-keeping call from God's people. In doing this the Protestants will give honour to the Roman Catholic system which elevated Sunday in Christendom for so many centuries. [See the article "Sunday Laws" to understand the difference between the two religions - how Protestants and Catholics think regarding Sunday observance.]

My old history book tells me (the brackets are in the original):-

It is a fact generally admitted by Protestants that the Scriptures give no authority for the change of the Sabbath. This is plainly stated in publications issued by the American Tract Society and the American Sunday School Union. One of these works acknowledges "the complete silence of the New Testament so far as any explicit command for the Sabbath [Sunday, the first day of the week] or definite rules for its observance are concerned." -- George Elliott, The Abiding Sabbath, page 184.

My note: You may ask any minister or priest of any denomination today and they will tell you the same!

Another says: "Up to the time of Christ's death, no change had been made in the day;" and, "so far as the record shows, they [the apostles] did not . . . give any explicit command enjoining the abandonment of the seventh-day Sabbath, and its observance on the first day of the week." -- A. E. Waffle, The Lord's Day, pages 186-188.

Roman Catholics acknowledge that the change of the Sabbath was made by their church, and declare that Protestants by observing the Sunday are recognizing her power. In the Catholic Catechism of Christian Religion, in answer to a question as to the day to be observed in obedience to the fourth commandment, this statement is made: "During the old law, Saturday was the day sanctified; but the church, instructed by Jesus Christ, and directed by the Spirit of God, has substituted Sunday for Saturday; so now we sanctify the first, not the seventh day. Sunday means, and now is, the day of the Lord."

As the sign of the authority of the Catholic Church, papist writers cite "the very act of changing the Sabbath into Sunday, which Protestants allow of; . . . because by keeping Sunday, they acknowledge the church's power to ordain feasts, and to command them under sin." -- Henry Tuberville, An Abridgment of the Christian Doctrine, page 58.

What then is the change of the Sabbath, but the sign, or mark, of the authority of the Roman Church -- "the mark of the beast"?

The Roman Church has not relinquished her claim to supremacy; and when the world and the Protestant churches accept a sabbath of her creating, while they reject the Bible Sabbath, they virtually admit this assumption. The Protestants may claim the authority of tradition and of the Fathers for the change; but in so doing they ignore the very principle which separates them from Rome -- that "the Bible, and the Bible only, is the religion of Protestants."

The papist can see that the Protestants are deceiving themselves, willingly closing their eyes to the facts in the case. As the movement for Sunday enforcement gains favour, he rejoices, feeling assured that it will eventually bring the whole Protestant world under the banner of Rome.

Romanists declare that "the observance of Sunday by the Protestants is an homage they pay, in spite of themselves, to the authority of the [Catholic] Church." -- Mgr. Segur, Plain Talk About the Protestantism of Today, page 213.

The enforcement of Sunday keeping on the part of Protestant churches is an enforcement of the worship of the papacy -- of the beast. Those who, understanding the claims of the fourth commandment, choose to observe the false instead of the true Sabbath are thereby paying homage to that power by which alone it is commanded. But in the very act of enforcing a religious duty by secular power, the churches would themselves form an image to the beast; hence the enforcement of Sunday keeping in the United States would be an enforcement of the worship of the beast and his image.

But Christians of past generations observed the Sunday, supposing that in so doing they were keeping the Bible Sabbath; and there are now true Christians in every church, not excepting the Roman Catholic communion, who honestly believe that Sunday is the Sabbath of divine appointment.

God accepts their sincerity of purpose and their integrity before Him.

But when Sunday observance shall be enforced by law, and the world shall be enlightened concerning the obligation of the true Sabbath, then whoever shall transgress the command of God, to obey a precept which has no higher authority than that of Rome, will thereby honour popery above God. He will then be paying homage to Rome and to the power which enforces the institution ordained by Rome. He will then be worshipping the beast and his image.

As men then reject the institution which God has declared to be the sign of His authority, and honour in its stead that which Rome has chosen as the token of her supremacy, they will thereby accept the sign of allegiance to Rome -- "the mark of the beast."

And it is not until the issue is thus plainly set before the people, and they are brought to choose between the commandments of God and the commandments of men, that those who continue in transgression will receive "the mark of the beast."

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9. Now the crowns are on the horns! Satan's churches take over the role of guiding the beast. Revelation 13:1.

Isaiah 8:5-22 They turn away from God and look to men for help

The LORD spoke also to me again, saying, Forasmuch as this people [God’s professed churches] refuse the waters of Shiloah that go softly [God’s way], and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah's son [strong political leaders]; now therefore, behold, the Lord brings up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, even the king of Assyria [the early equivalent of Babylon], and all his glory: and he shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his banks: and he shall pass through Judah; he shall overflow and go over, he shall reach even to the neck; and the stretching out of his wings shall fill the breadth of your land, O Immanuel [he will take over the world].

Do not try to defend yourselves

Associate yourselves, O you people, and you shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all you of far countries: gird yourselves [to fight], and you shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves [with your swords], and you shall be broken in pieces. Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God is with us.

Don’t look for a union of church and state

For the LORD spoke thus to me with a strong hand, and instructed me that I should not walk in the way of this people, saying,

Say you not, A confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fear you their fear, nor be afraid. Sanctify the LORD of hosts Himself; and let Him be your fear, and let Him be your dread. And He shall be for a sanctuary [to you]; but for a Stone of stumbling and for a Rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin [trap] and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken.

Look to the Bible and the Ten Commandments

Bind up the testimony, seal the law among My disciples.

And I will wait upon the LORD, that hides His face from the house of Jacob, and I will look for Him. Behold, I and the children whom the LORD has given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from the LORD of hosts, which dwells in mount Zion.

Spiritualism will be there

And when they shall say to you, Seek to them that have familiar spirits, and to wizards that peep, and that mutter: should not a people seek to their God? For the living to [seek advice from] the dead?

To the law [the Ten Commandments] and to the testimony [the Bible]: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.

There will be no help anywhere

And they shall pass through it, hardly bestead [with great difficulty] and hungry: and it shall come to pass, that when they shall be hungry, they shall fret themselves, and curse their king and their God, and look upward. And [then] they shall look to the earth; and behold trouble and darkness, dimness of anguish; and they shall be driven to darkness.

Regardless of God's warning, they will attempt to join themselves into a confederacy as the clay and iron, for these ten "kings" as we have seen before, are the religions of the world, lead by the Protestants of the USA, joining with their respective governments to enforce Sunday laws.

They will only last "one hour" (a very short time) for, like chalk and cheese, like clay and iron, they cannot harmonise. The end will come quicker than men expect, for God will cut it short in, or by, righteousness. Romans 9:28. In this war, Christ is sole Commander and He is quickly victorious.

 

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10. "These have one mind." There will be a universal bond of union, one great harmony, a confederacy of Satan's forces. "And shall give their power and strength to the beast." There will be manifested the same arbitrary, oppressive power against religious liberty, against freedom to worship God according to the dictates of conscience, as was manifested by the papacy, when in the past it persecuted those who dared to refuse to conform with the religious rites and ceremonies of Romanism.

In the warfare to be waged in the last days there will be united, in opposition to God's people, all the corrupt powers that have apostatised from allegiance to the law of God. In this warfare the Sabbath of the fourth commandment will be the great point at issue; for in the Sabbath commandment the great Lawgiver identifies Himself as the Creator of the heavens and the earth.

Exodus 20:8-11

Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.

Six days shall you labour, and do all your work: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God: in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger that is within your gates: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day, and hallowed it.

Notice that this is the first time in speaking of the wars that we are told that God actually wins. It is the LAMB who overcomes, and those who are with Him are called, chosen, and faithful.

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11. Not until the deception practised by the religious leaders becomes known will the people of the churches hate the whore. Then they will turn against those they once loved to follow, and blame them for their predicament. They can do no other for that is the nature of man without God. After his sin Adam blamed his wife first, then his God!

Genesis 3:9-12

And the LORD God called to Adam, and said to him, Where are you?

And he said, I heard Your voice in the garden, and I was afraid [of his loving Father], because I was naked; and I hid myself.

And He said, Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded you that you should not eat? [God knew he had but everyone else had to find out].

And the man said, The woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.

This was a half truth as we know by reading the story. She gave him the fruit but Adam chose deliberately to join his wife in her sin because he could not bear to be parted from his loved one.

After that experience he could attempt to blame her and his God for his choice! But he was no longer the same person - the old Adam was "dead" in trespasses and sins. (Ephesians 2:1). He was physically different - he had a fig leaf for his clothing; he was mentally different - he was foolish enough to try and hide from God behind a tree; and he was spiritually different in that the "very good" man (Genesis 1:31) was now a liar and a murderer. (John 8:44). His accusation was an effort to pass the sentence of death on to his former love.

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12. The city of Great Babylon is poised to take over the world again as she has done in the past. Already kingdom is rising against kingdom in physical battles, some of which are based on religion which are called ethnic cleansings in present day euphemism. But there is not now a determined battle as there will be when the seventh-day Sabbath becomes the focal point for all religions. As yet the four winds are held until the servants of God shall be sealed in their foreheads. Then the powers of earth will marshal their forces for the last great battle. None can know when that will be, so how carefully we should improve the remaining period of our probation!

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