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Notes for

Daniel Chapter Seven

1. Numbers 12:5-6 How Jesus reveals Himself to His people

And the LORD came down in the pillar of the cloud, and stood in the door of the tabernacle, and called Aaron and Miriam: and they both came forth.

And He said, Hear now My words: If there be a prophet among you, I the LORD will make Myself known to him in a vision, and will speak to him in a dream.

1 Peter 1:8-12 The prophecies were mainly for the people of the future

Whom having not seen, you love; in whom, though now you see Him not, yet believing, you rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory: receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls. Of which salvation the prophets have inquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come to you: searching what [it all meant], or what manner of time [when it would apply, these things that] the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.

To whom it was revealed, that not to themselves, but to us they did minister the things, which are now reported to you by them that have preached the gospel to you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.

This section of Daniel's book begins nearly 10 years before the end of the previous chapter. Sixteen years after Nebuchadnezzar had died.

"sum of the matters" This prophecy was given especially for the future people of God in order that they might understand their part in the divine plan for the years to come. Shortly before the fall of Babylon, when Daniel was meditating on the prophecies of Jeremiah and seeking God for an understanding of the times, a series of visions was given him concerning the rise and fall of kingdoms. With the first vision, as recorded in the seventh chapter of the book of Daniel, an interpretation was given; yet not all was made clear to the prophet. "My cogitations [thoughts] much troubled me," he wrote of his experience at the time, "and my countenance changed in me: but I kept the matter in my heart." Daniel 7:28.

Honoured by men with the responsibilities of state and with the secrets of kingdoms bearing universal control, Daniel was also honoured by God as His ambassador, and was given many revelations of the mysteries of ages to come. However, it was not given him to understand all that God had revealed of the divine purpose. "Shut up the words, and seal the book," he was directed concerning his prophetic writings; these were to be sealed "even to the time of the end." Note that this is NOT the end of time, but a period just before it!

"Go thy way, Daniel," the angel once more directed the faithful messenger of the LORD; "for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end. . . Go you your way till the end be: for you shall rest [in the grave], and [yet] stand in your lot at the end of the days." Daniel 12:4, 9, 13.

Even though his wonderful prophecies were not fully understood by the prophet himself before his life labours closed, he was given the blessed assurance that "at the end of the days" - in the closing period of this world's history - he would again be permitted to stand in his lot and place. This did not mean that he personally would fulfil this, but that his words would have that honour.

Therefore, as we near the close of this world's history, the prophecies recorded by Daniel demand our special attention, for they relate to the very time in which we are living. With them should be linked the teachings of the last book of the New Testament Scriptures for a complete understanding. Satan has led many to believe that the prophetic portions of the writings of Daniel and of John the revelator cannot be understood, but the promise is plain that special blessing will accompany the study of these prophecies. "The wise shall understand" (verse 10), was spoken of the visions of Daniel that were to be unsealed in the last days. And of the revelation that Christ gave to His servant John for the guidance of God's people all through the centuries, the promise is, "Blessed is he that reads, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein." Revelation 1:3.

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2. Revelation 7:1 The four winds of strife blow all over the world

And after these things I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree...

Revelation 17:15 The "great sea" explained

And he says to me, The waters which you saw, where the whore sits, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.

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3. Proverbs 30:30

A lion .... is strongest among beasts, and turns not away for any;

Deuteronomy 28:49-51 Moses told the people what would happen without God's protection

The LORD shall bring a nation against you from far, from the end of the earth, as swift as the eagle flies; a nation whose tongue you shall not understand; a nation of fierce countenance, which shall not regard the person of the old, nor show favour to the young: and he shall eat the fruit of your cattle, and the fruit of your land, until you be destroyed: which also shall not leave you either corn, wine, or oil, or the increase of your cattle, or flocks of your sheep, until he have destroyed you.

Jeremiah 17:9-10 None of us know ourselves

The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it? I the LORD search the heart, I try the reins [thoughts], even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings.

Daniel 5:5-6 Remember Belshazzar's problem?

In the same hour came forth fingers of a man's hand, and wrote over against the candlestick upon the plaster of the wall of the king's palace: and the king saw the part of the hand that wrote. Then the king's countenance was changed, and his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his loins were loosed, and his knees struck one against another.

The eagles' wings on the lion represent the rapidity of Babylon's conquests and the soaring pride of its monarchs. See Habakkuk 1:6-8. The plucking of the wings may refer to both the humiliation of the proud monarch of Babylon, chapter 4: 31-37, and the cowardice of Belshazzar, who, instead of driving away his foe like a lion, shut himself up in the city, feasting and drinking with his lords, till he was killed, and the kingdom given to the Medes and Persians.

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4. The bear corresponds with the silver breast and arms of the image, and represents the Medo-Persian kingdom which succeeded Babylon. It was noted for cruelty and thirst for blood. The three ribs in the mouth of this bear may symbolize the three great powers conquered by the Medo-Persian kingdom; Babylon, Lydia, and Egypt. It subdued many other populous kingdoms as well, however, and Ahasuerus, or Artaxerxes as he is also known, reigned over one hundred and twenty-seven provinces. See Esther 1:1. Its rule lasted from 331BC to 168BC.

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5. The leopard corresponds with the brass belly and thighs of the image of chapter 2, and illustrates Greece. The four wings denote the rapidity of its conquests under Alexander the Great. However, the Greek Empire maintained its unity only during the life of Alexander and when his brilliant career ended in a drunken debauch, the empire was shortly divided between his four leading generals, represented by the four heads of the leopard.

Lysimachus had Thrace and the parts of Asia (present day Turkey) on the Hellespont and Bosphorus in the north;

Cassander had Macedonia and Greece in the west;

Seleucus had Syria and all the rest of Alexander's dominions in the east;

and Ptolemy received Egypt, Lydia, Arabia, Palestine, and Coele-Syria, in the south.

Over a period of time the three kingdoms of the north, east and west were combined and become known to us as the "king of the north". They were in turn eventually conquered by the armies from the city of Rome in Italy and became part of the Roman empire. The Ptolomies in Egypt (the king of the south) continued their rule until overcome by the Romans about 168BC.

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6. The fourth beast corresponds with the iron legs of the image of chapter 2, and represents the Roman kingdom in its two phases, civil and religious, (beast and horn). It is here that we receive added information on the history of the world.

In the image vision there are ten toes made up of iron and clay representing the nations and religions of the time of the end.

The ten horns of the fourth beast DO NOT correspond with the ten toes of the image, for they represent the ten kingdoms into which the Empire of Rome was eventually divided about 508AD. When three of the ten were plucked up BY THE ROOTS by the little horn which comes up among them, they disappeared from history (about 538AD), and we are left with 7 plus 1, making a total of 8.

The addition of heads, wings, or horns, to any beast found in nature would not answer as a symbol to represent this power because it was different from all others, and the symbolism tries to represent this. The difference is that at the first it was a CIVIL power like every other nation, but subsequently it became a RELIGIOUS one. There was a great change in the political world when religion took over the rule of the state. Then was ushered in the time men still call "The Dark Ages", and which lasted from 538 to 1798.

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7. The prophet considered the ten horns. These represent the nations of:

1. The Huns or Alamanni.

2. The Ostrogoths.

3. The Visigoths.

4. The Franks.

5. The Vandals.

6. The Suevi.

7. The Burgundians.

8. The Heruli.

9. The Anglo-Saxons.

10. The Lombards.

There is still a connection between these and some of the modern nations of Europe which is still traceable in their names. e.g. The Franks have become the French, the Suevi - the Portugese, Anglo-Saxons - English, and the Huns - Germans, etc.

Daniel saw a little horn forcing its way up among the ten, which plucked up three of them. This horn, little at first, but afterward more stout than his fellows, represents the papal or religious era of the kingdom of Rome. The three kingdoms plucked up before it were those of the Heruli, the Ostrogoths, and the Vandals. But of this power we shall speak more fully when we come to the angel's explanation in verses 23-25.

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Daniel 7:17 "These great beasts, which are four,

are four kings, which shall arise out of the earth."

As we shall see more fully in the explanation, these animals represent the same kingdoms shown to us in the vision of the statue that Nebuchadnezzar was given in chapter two. This is history in advance as seen through the eyes of God.

From the rise and fall of nations as made plain in the books of Daniel and the Revelation, we need to learn how worthless is mere outward and worldly glory. Babylon, with all its power and magnificence, the like of which our world has never since beheld - power and magnificence which to the people of that day seemed so stable and enduring - how completely has it passed away! As "the flower of the grass," it has perished. James 1:10. So perished the Medo-Persian kingdom, and the kingdoms of Greece and Rome. And so perishes all that has not God for its foundation. Only that which is bound up with His purpose, and expresses His character, can endure. His principles are the only steadfast things our world knows.

A careful study of the working out of God's purpose in the history of nations and in the revelation of things to come, will help us to estimate at their true value things seen and things unseen, and to learn what is the true aim of life. Thus, viewing the things of time in the light of eternity, we may, like Daniel and his fellows, live for that which is true and noble and enduring. And learning in this life the principles of the kingdom of our Lord and Saviour, that blessed kingdom which is to endure for ever and ever, we may be prepared at His coming to enter with Him into its possession.

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Special Note 9. Mark 4:30-32 God's kingdom is different

And He [Jesus] said, Whereunto shall we liken the kingdom of God? or with what comparison shall we compare it? It is like a grain of mustard seed, which, when it is sown in the earth, is less than all the seeds that be in the earth: but when it is sown, it grows up, and becomes greater than all herbs, and shoots out great branches; so that the fowls of the air may lodge under the shadow of it.

In all the earthly governments there was nothing that could serve for a likeness of the kingdom of God. No civil society could afford Him a symbol, so He told of one in nature.

The germ in the seed grows by the unfolding of the life-principle which God has implanted. Its development depends upon no human power. So it is with the kingdom of Christ. It is a new creation. Its principles of development are the opposite of those that rule the kingdoms of this world. Earthly governments prevail by physical force; they maintain their dominion by war; but the founder of the new kingdom is the Prince of Peace.

The Holy Spirit represents worldly kingdoms under the symbol of fierce beasts of prey; but Christ is "the Lamb of God, which takes away the sin of the world." John 1:29.

In His plan of government there is no employment of brute force to compel the conscience. Many look for the kingdom of God to be established in the same way as the kingdoms of the world. To promote righteousness they resorted to external measures. They devised methods and plans. But Christ implants a principle. It is by implanting truth and righteousness that He counterworks error and sin. And this is how Christians must work.

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9a. Did you know that Jesus sometimes called the judgment, a "wedding"? He told a story one day of the marriage of a king's son, giving us some interesting details of the first judgment:

Matthew 22:8-14 The investigative judgment made by the Father

Then says He to His servants, The wedding is ready, but they which were bidden were not worthy [because they had refused to come]. Go you therefore into the highways, and as many as you shall find, bid to the marriage.

So those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together all as many as they found, both bad and good: and the wedding was [eventually] furnished with guests. And when the King came in to see the guests, He saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment. [This was a gift sent out by the king with the invitation and it represents the robe of righteousness given to all Christians at conversion as set out below].

(I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for He has clothed me with the garments of salvation, He has covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decks himself with ornaments, and as a bride adorns herself with her jewels. Isaiah 61:10.)

And He says to him, Friend, how came you in here not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless. Then said the King to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. For many are called, but few are chosen.

[Note that this is a self-imposed decision by the guest's refusal to wear the garment supplied].

In this story Christians are described as "guests" at the wedding. In actual fact, they are not present at this judgment because its main function is to determine who can be resurrected at the second coming. Jesus told us that we are to wait for Him to come from that wedding:-

Luke 12:36-37

And you yourselves [be] like men that wait for their Lord, when He will return from the wedding; that when He comes and knocks, they may open to Him immediately. Blessed are those servants, whom the Lord when He comes shall find watching: verily I say to you, that He shall gird Himself, and make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and serve them.

This will be discussed more fully when we study Matthew chapter 25.

"ancient/ of days" = God the Father.

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10. 1 Peter 4:16-18 The "way" of the judgments

Yet if any man suffer as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify [or give glory to] God on this behalf. For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God? And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?

This is the 1st of three judgments, and in this one the Father presides and investigates the books of life and death to see who have accepted the gift of the righteousness of Jesus Christ.

Exodus 32:33 The books which are opened

And the LORD said to Moses, Whosoever has sinned against Me, him will I blot out of My book.

Revelation 13:7-9 The Lamb's book of life

And it was given to him [the anti-christ] to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations. And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. If any man have an ear, let him hear.

Malachi 3:16-17

Then they that feared the LORD spoke often one to another: and the LORD hearkened, and heard it, and a book of remembrance was written before Him for them that feared [respected] the LORD, and that thought upon His name. And they shall be Mine, says the LORD of hosts, in that day when I make up My jewels; and I will spare them, as a man spares his own son that serves him.

1 Corinthians 4:5 We are told not to pre-judge

Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.

Ezekiel 18:23-30 A message to those who think they know

Have I any pleasure at all that the wicked should die? says the Lord GOD: and not that he should return from his ways, and live? But when the righteous turns away from his righteousness, and commits iniquity, and does according to all the abominations that the wicked man do, shall he live? All his righteousness that he has done shall not be mentioned: in his trespass that he has trespassed, and in his sin that he has sinned, in them shall he die. Yet you say, The way of the Lord is not equal [or fair]. Hear now, O house of Israel; Is not my way equal? are not your ways unequal?

When a righteous man turns away from his righteousness, and commits iniquity, and dies in them; for his iniquity that he has done shall he die.

Again, when the wicked man turns away from his wickedness that he has committed, and does that which is lawful and right, he shall save his soul alive. Because he considers, and turns away from all his transgressions that he has committed, he shall surely live, he shall not die. Yet says the house of Israel, The way of the Lord is not equal. O house of Israel, are not My ways equal? are not your ways unequal?

Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according to his ways, says the Lord GOD. Repent, and turn yourselves from all your transgressions; so iniquity shall not be your ruin.

James 2:10-12 The standard of all the judgments

For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. For He that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if you commit no adultery, yet if you kill, you are become a transgressor of the law. So speak you, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty.

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11. 2 Thessalonians 2:1-12 There must be a falling away first

Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together to Him, that you be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand. Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sits in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God.

Remember you not, that, when I was yet with you, I told you these things? [Showing them to you in the Old Testament part of the Bible]. And now you know what withholds [what is restraining him, NKJ] that he might be revealed in his time. For the mystery of iniquity does already work: only He who now lets [or restrains] will let [or restrain], until He be taken out of the way [by a worldwide rejection of His protection]. And then shall that Wicked be revealed [yet still claiming to be Christian], whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of His mouth [this is His weapon, the truth], and shall destroy with the brightness of His coming: even Him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, and with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. It is the god called Baal who uses force in religion.

And for this cause God shall send [or have to allow] them [a special] strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: that they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.

1 John 4:1-3 This was written about 90AD.

Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try [or test] the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world. Hereby know you the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: and every spirit that confesses not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God. And this is that spirit of antichrist [anti - christ means in place of, not just against, therefore this power impersonates Christianity], whereof you have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.

Daniel sees that the antichrist is still working on earth and talking against Christianity (yet pretending to be Christian) while this judgment proceeds, for the fourth terrible beast continues without change of character as the political nations of the world, and the little horn continues to utter its blasphemies as a religious power, and to hold its millions of followers in the bonds of a blind superstition, till the beast [and its horn] is given to the burning flame; and this is not its conversion, but its destruction.

The life of the fourth beast is not prolonged after its dominion is gone, as were the lives of the preceding beasts. Their dominion was taken away, but their lives were prolonged for a season. The territory and subjects of the Babylonian kingdom still existed, though subjected to the Persians. So of the Persian kingdom in respect to Greece, and of Greece in respect to Rome. But what succeeds the fourth kingdom? No government or state in which mortals have any part. Its career ends in the lake of fire, and it has no existence beyond. The lion was merged into the bear; the bear into the leopard; the leopard into the fourth beast; and the fourth beast into what ? Not into another beast, but into the lake of fire, which is its final destruction till the second death. Then let no one talk of probation or a mixed millennium after the Lord comes.

The adverb "then" in the sentence, "I beheld then, because of the voice of the great words which the horn spoke," seems to refer to some particular time. The work of investigative judgment is introduced in the verses before. And this verse would seem to imply that while this work is going forward, and just before this power is destroyed and given to the burning flame, the little horn utters its great words against the Most High. From what we have seen in the preceding section of the book of Daniel, this will take the form of a universal religious law made by states who have no right to do so, and backed by the religious sections of the nations. Attached to this law will be a death decree for non-compliance! Then it will be that Christians will need a saving God as Daniel did in the lion's den.

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12. Hebrews 7:24-27 Jesus is the real high priest working before God

But this Man, because He continues [or lives for] ever, has an unchangeable priesthood. Wherefore He is able also to save them to the uttermost that come to God by Him, seeing He ever lives to make intercession for them. For such an High Priest became us [is what we need], who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens; who needs not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people's: for this He did once, when He offered up Himself.

"Son of man" = Jesus ................. "clouds of heaven" = many angels
This scene is a picture of Jesus coming into the second apartment of the sanctuary on the Day of Atonement to make the atonement/judgment so that the angels may know who is to be resurrected in the first resurrection.

John 5:28 There are to be two separate resurrections

Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear His voice, and shall come forth; they that have done good, to the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, to the resurrection of damnation.

1 John 2:1-3 The high priest is like a lawyer for us

My little children, these things write I to you, [first] that you sin not. And [second] if any man sin, we have an advocate [lawyer] with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: and He is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world. And hereby we do know that we know Him, if we keep His commandments.

Exodus 28:9-12; 15-21; 29-30 Jesus carries us on His shoulders and His heart

And you shall take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of [the tribes of] the children of Israel: six of their names on one stone, and the other six names of the rest on the other stone, according to their birth. With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, shall you engrave the two stones with the names of the children of Israel: you shall make them to be set in ouches [clasps] of gold.

And you shall put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod [a type of waistcoat worn by the high priest] for stones of memorial to the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial....

And you shall make the breastplate of judgment with cunning [skilful] work [to be worn on the high priest's chest]; after the work of the ephod you shall make it; of gold, of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, and of fine twined linen, shall you make it. Foursquare it shall be being doubled; a [hand] span shall be the length thereof, and a [hand] span shall be the breadth thereof. And you shall set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones [twelve in total]....

And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes....

And Aaron [as a picture of Jesus in the judgment] shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goes in to the holy place [once a year], for a memorial before the LORD continually.

And you shall put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim [two special stones]; and they shall [also] be upon Aaron's heart, when he goes in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually [whenever he wears his uniform].

This judgment was of vital interest to the angels. Remember the "watchers and holy ones" of chapter four? Now they would find out who wanted to be in heaven, for the ONLY question asked in this judgment is,

"Would you like to live with Me on My terms [wearing the garment]?"

Micah 4:8-10 Now Jesus begins to receive His people and His kingdom

And you, O tower of the flock, the strong hold of the daughter of Zion, to you shall it come, even the first dominion [for the meek shall inherit the earth]; the kingdom shall come to the daughter of Jerusalem. Now why do you cry out aloud? is there no king in you? is your counsellor perished? for pangs have taken you as a woman in travail [of childbirth]. Be in pain, and labour to bring forth, O daughter of Zion, like a woman in travail: for now shall you go forth out of the city, and you shall dwell in the field, and you shall go even to Babylon; there shall you be delivered; there the LORD shall redeem you from the hand of your enemies.

Daniel 2:44 Much will happen in the "time of the end"

And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.

Ezekiel 12:21-28 All this will happen quickly

And the word of the LORD came to me, saying, Son of man [this was God's nickname for Ezekiel], what is that proverb that you have in the land of Israel, saying, The days are prolonged, and every vision fails? [Time goes on and nothing seems to happen!] Tell them therefore, Thus says the Lord GOD; I will make this proverb to cease, and they shall no more use it as a proverb in Israel; but say to them, The days are at hand, and the effect of every vision. For there shall be no more any vain [or confusing] vision nor flattering divination within the house of Israel. For I am the LORD: I will speak, and the word that I shall speak shall come to pass; it shall be no more prolonged: for in your days, O rebellious house, will I say the word, and will perform it, says the Lord GOD.

Again the word of the LORD came to me, saying, Son of man, behold, they of the house of Israel say, The vision that he sees is for many days to come, and he prophesies of the times that are far off. Therefore say to them, Thus says the Lord GOD; There shall none of My words be prolonged any more, but the word which I have spoken shall be done, says the Lord GOD.

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13. "them that stood by" Angels were also observing the events that God was showing Daniel, for viewing a heavenly vision is like watching a drive-in movie, others can also see it. They were learning that there would be four, and only four, world-wide kingdoms before the end.

Exodus 19:5-6 God says that obedience at this time will bring a particular reward

Now therefore, if you will obey My voice indeed, and keep My covenant, then you shall be a peculiar treasure to Me above all people: for all the earth is Mine: and you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which you shall speak to the children of Israel.

Matthew 25:1-2

[Jesus said] Then shall the kingdom of heaven [meaning that part of it which is on earth!] be likened to ten virgins [or bridesmaids], which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom. And five of them were wise, and five were foolish.

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Four kingdoms to rule "over all the earth".

Babylon controlled all the then known world from 606BC to 538BC

Medo-Persia extended the dominon and governed from 538BC to 331BC

Greece came from Europe and stretched right down into India ruling from 331BC to 168BC

Then the dual kingdom of

Pagan Rome from Italy moved in and conquered from Britain to India during 168BC to 538AD

while the Roman Church took over and spread out across the whole globe from

538AD to 1798AD

Since that time there have been no more universal kingdoms. Napoleon and Hitler have tried but not succeeded. We have been living in the era of the two feet (east and west) and the ten toes since 1798, when the "time of the end" began. Soon the "clay" (the religious elements of the nations) of the last days will try to unite with the iron, but will not "cleave" with them.

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15. 1 John 2:18-20 This horn is an antichrist (in place of)

Little children, it is the last time: and as you have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time. They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued with us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us. But you have an unction [or guidance] from the Holy One, and you know all things.

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16. Here are three separate and distinct occasions when the "little horn" seems to win against the people of God. But to lose a battle does not mean to lose the war. These times of stress will be dealt with more fully later, but the first covers the 1,260 years of oppression suffered by God's people from 538 to 1798. The second will be a time between the first and second judgments. The third and final time of trouble will be just before the new world comes into existence.

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17. Proverbs 6:23 The Ten Commandments are a way of life

For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life:

Joshua 22:5 The effect of true commandment keeping is love

But take diligent heed to do the commandment and the law, which Moses the servant of the LORD charged you, to love the LORD your God, and to walk in all His ways, and to keep His commandments, and to cleave to Him, and to serve Him with all your heart and with all your soul.

Psalm 119:96-100

I have seen an end of all perfection: but Your commandment is exceeding broad. O how love I Your law! it is my meditation all the day. You through Your commandments have made me wiser than my enemies: for they are ever with me. I have more understanding than all my teachers: for Your testimonies are my meditation. I understand more than the ancient/s, because I keep Your precepts [principles].

Daniel was told that there would be an intentional and deliberate attempt by this self-proclaimed Christian Church to alter the Law of God, and change the way of keeping the commandments.

Among the leading causes that led to the separation of the true church from that of Rome was the hatred of the latter toward the Bible Sabbath. As foretold by prophecy, the papal power cast down the truth to the ground. The law of God was trampled in the dust, while the traditions and customs of men were exalted. The churches that were under the rule of the papacy were early compelled to honour the Sunday as a holy day. Amid the prevailing error and superstition, many, even of the true people of God, became so bewildered that while they observed the Sabbath, they refrained from labour also on the Sunday. But this did not satisfy the papal leaders. They demanded not only that Sunday be hallowed, but that the Sabbath be profaned; and they denounced in the strongest language those who dared to show it honour. It was only by fleeing from the power of Rome that any could obey God's law in peace.

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18. Daniel 11:13 A "time" is a word often used to describe a "year"

For the king of the north shall return, and shall set forth a multitude greater than the former, and shall certainly come after certain years [margin: at the end of times, even years] with a great army and with much riches.

At this point we need to note that in prophetic writing God uses the prophetic term "day" to mean a literal year. Thus we have the word spoken to the people of Israel near the end of the exodus from Egypt.

Numbers 14:33-34

And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty years, and bear your whoredoms, until your carcasses be wasted in the wilderness. After the number of the days in which you searched the land, even forty days, each day for a year, shall you bear your iniquities, even forty years, and you shall know My breach of promise.

On another occasion, God spoke to His prophet Ezekiel and told him about the conditions of an acted prophecy, in which he was to lie on his side for a time.

Ezekiel 4:6

And when you have accomplished them, lie again on your right side, and you shall bear the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days: I have appointed you each day for a year.

In the phrase "time, times and the dividing of time", we have set out for us

1 time = 1 year

times = 2 years

dividing of time = 1/2 year

But this is a prophecy, so...

1 time = 1 prophetic year of 360 days = 360 literal years

2 times = 2 prophetic years of 360 days = 720 literal years

1/2 time = 1/2 prophetic year of 360 days = 180 literal years


This makes a grand total of 1,260 prophetic days or literal years.

If we now add two more verses to complete the picture we have:-

Revelation 12:6

And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she has a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and threescore days.

Revelation 12:14

And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.

We do not need to go into the meaning of these words just yet for we will meet them in their context later, but the time described is self-revealing. A "time, and times, and half a time" is the same as "a thousand two hundred and threescore days", which in modern English is 1,260 day/years. This is the period from the rise of the Roman church system as a professed Christian method in 538AD to its temporary loss of control in 1798 (1,260 years).

Thus we have been told that the antichrist of this chapter in Daniel will have the saints given into his hand for that period of time, and then something very significant would occur. The judgment in the heavenly sanctuary by the ancient/ of days would begin soon after.

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19 Daniel 12:7-10 The wise shall understand

Daniel writes: "I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand to heaven, and swear by him that lives forever that it shall be for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these things shall be finished.

And I heard, but I understood not: then said I, O my Lord, what shall be the end of these things? And He said, Go your way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end. Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand."

In verses 21 and 22 of Daniel chapter seven we are told that the "horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them [beat them up]". What we need to notice right now is that this occurs three times.

The first time mentioned is when the ancient/ of days comes for the judgment.

The second is when judgment is given to the saints [more on that later].

The third and final time is when the saints actually possess the kingdom, the new world. [More on that later, too].

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20. Romans 8:19 There is a special time coming

For the earnest expectation of the creature waits for the manifestation of the sons of God.

OR, in another version,

The whole creation is on tip-toe to see the wonderful sight of the sons of God coming into their own. J B Phillips' translation.

Gabriel told Daniel that God's people will eventually learn HOW to take way the little horn's dominion.

1 Corinthians 4:9 God's purpose for His church

For I think that God has set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men.

This world is a theatre. The actors, the inhabitants of the world as well as the people of God, are preparing to act their part in the last great drama. God has been lost sight of by many. There is no unity of purpose, except as parties of men confederate to gain their own ends. God is looking on. His purposes in regard to his rebellious subjects will be fulfilled. The world has not been given into the hands of men, though God is permitting the elements of confusion and disorder to bear sway for a season. A power from beneath is working to bring about the last great scenes in the drama - Satan personating Christ and counterfeiting the second coming - working with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in those who are binding themselves together in secret societies. Those who are yielding to the passion for confederation are working out the plans of the enemy. The cause will be followed by the effect, and then the sons and daughters of God will be seen clearly.

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