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Compiler's Preface





O. R. L. Crozier


This is probably the most important book written to Seventh-day Adventists apart from the writings of Ellen G. White.

Have you ever heard of it?

Or of him?



This article, "The Sanctuary", by O. R. L. Crozier, was printed in the Day-Star Extra newspaper on 7 February, 1846. Regarding it, Ellen White wrote in a letter to Eli Curtis on 21 April, 1847:

"I believe the Sanctuary, to be cleansed at the end of the 2300 days, is the New Jerusalem Temple, of which Christ is a minister. The Lord shew [showed] me in vision, more than one year ago, that Brother Crozier had the true light, on the cleansing of the Sanctuary, &c; and that it was his will, that Brother C. should write out the view which he gave us in the Day-Star, Extra, February 7, 1846. I feel fully authorized by the Lord, to recommend that Extra, to every saint". A Word to the Little Flock, Page 12. (Also Early Writings, page xix.)

The Day-Star was a weekly paper published by E. Jacobs, and although Crozier was a regular contributor to the paper this article was considered so important that an extra edition was used for its publication. On this site the Bible quotes have been italicised and the abbreviated references used have been changed to give the full name of each Bible book. The smaller size words in square brackets have been added by us, but the words in the curved brackets are in the original. All boldface emphasis is in the original, our emphasis is underlining. Also some of the long paragraphs in the article have been broken into smaller ones for easier reading. Some obvious spelling mistakes have been corrected.

A later letter from Crozier explaining his thoughts on the "autumnal types" is also included. In reference to these EGW wrote:

"Arguments drawn from the Old Testament types also pointed to the autumn as the time when the event represented by the ‘cleansing of the sanctuary’ must take place ... These types [those of the spring, March/April] were fulfilled, not only as to the event, but as to the time ... In like manner the types which relate to the second advent must be fulfilled at the time pointed out in the symbolic service."

The Great Controversy, pages 399-40.

And in another place:

"In the prophecies the future is opened before us as plainly as it was opened to the disciples by the words of Christ. The events connected with the close of probation and the work of preparation for the time of trouble, are clearly presented ... He [the Christian] has a chart pointing out every waymark on the heavenward journey, and he ought not to guess at anything." The Great Controversy, pages 594 and 598.


In Early Writings, pages xvii, xviii and xix in the Historical Prologue contain the following:-

Two groups of Adventists

"At first only a few were identified with this group who were moving forward in advancing light. By the year 1846 they reckoned their number as about fifty."

"The larger group who turned from confidence in the fulfillment of prophecy in 1844 numbered approximately thirty thousand. Their leaders came together in 1845 in a conference in Albany, New York, April 29 to May 1, at which time they restudied their positions. By formal action they went on record as warning against those who claim "special illumination", those who teach "Jewish fables" and those who establish "new tests" (Advent Herald, May 14, 1845). Thus they closed the door to the light on the Sabbath and the Spirit of Prophecy. They were confident that prophecy had not been fulfilled in 1844, and some set time for the termination of the 2300-day period in the future. Various times were set, but one after another they passed by ....."

Dawn on the light of the sanctuary

"But we must now turn back to those who tenaciously clung to their confidence that prophecy had been fulfilled on October 22, 1844, and who with open minds and hearts stepped forward into the Sabbath and the sanctuary truths as the light of heaven illuminated their pathway. These people were not localized in any one place but were individuals or very small groups here and there throughout the north central and north-eastern part of the United States."

"Hiram Edson, one of this group, lived in central New York State at Port Gibson. He was the leader of the Adventists in that area. The believers met in his home on October 22, 1844, to await the coming of the Lord. Calmly and patiently they awaited the great event. But as the hour of midnight came and they realized the day of expectation had passed, it became clear that Jesus would not come as soon as they had thought. It was a time of bitter disappointment. In the early morning hours Hiram Edson and a few others went out to his barn to pray, and as they prayed, he felt assured that light would come."

"A little later, as Edson and a friend were crossing a cornfield to visit fellow Adventists, it seems as if a hand touched his shoulder. He looked up to see - as if in a vision - the heavens opened, and Christ in the heavenly sanctuary entering into the most holy place, there to begin a work of ministry in behalf of His people, instead of coming forth from the most holy place to cleanse the world with fire, as they had taught. Careful Bible study by Hiram Edson; F. B. Hahn, a physician; and O. R. L. Crozier, a schoolteacher, soon revealed that the sanctuary to be cleansed at the end of the 2300 years was not the earth but the tabernacle in heaven, with Christ ministering in our behalf in the most holy place. The mediatorial work of Christ answered to the "hour of God's judgment" call sounded in the message of the first angel (Rev. 14:6,7). Mr. Crozier, the schoolteacher, wrote the findings of the study group. These were printed locally, and then in a fuller form in an Adventist journal known as the Day-Star, published in Cincinnati, Ohio. A special number dated February 7, 1846, was devoted entirely to this Bible study on the question of the sanctuary."

Truths Confirmed by Vision

"While this study was in progress, and before their work was made known, far to the east in the State of Maine, a vision was given to Ellen Harmon in which she was shown the transfer of the ministry of Christ from the holy place to the most holy place at the end of the 2300 days. The record of this vision is found in Early Writings, pages 54-56...."



For those who find Crozier's way of writing too old-fashioned, we have made a "CONDENSATION" of his article in plainer English (we hope) and included links in the main article to the same paragraph in that condensation.



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