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The witness of
regarding the Sabbath of the Lord.
© J. F. Coltheart. 1954.
Some obvious spelling mistakes in the quotations and their sources have been rectified.
Italy and the East: - C 4th
"It was the practice generally of the Easterne Churches; and some churches of the west... For in the Church of Millaine (Milan);... it seems that Saturday was held in a farre esteem... Not that the Easterne Churches, or any of the rest which observed that day, were inclined to Iudaisme (Judaism); but that they came together on the Sabbath day, to worship Iesus (Jesus) Christ the Lord of the Sabbath."
"History of the
Sabbath" (original spelling retained),
Part 2, par. 5, pp. 73, 74. London: 1636. Dr. Heylyn.
Council Laodicea: A. D. 365.
"Canon 16 On Saturday the Gospels and other portions of the Scripture shall be read aloud."
"Canon 29 Christians shall not Judaize and be idle on Saturday, but shall work on that day; but the Lords day they shall especially honor, and, as being Christians, shall, if possible, do no work on that day."
Helefes "Councils," Vol. 2, b. 6.
Orient and Most of the World:
"The ancient Christians were very careful in the observation of Saturday, or the seventh day... It is plain that all the Oriental churches, and the greatest part of the world, observed the Sabbath as a festival... Athanasius likewise tells us that they held religious assemblies on the Sabbath, not because they were infected with Judaism, but to worship Jesus, the Lord of the Sabbath, Epiphanius says the same."
"Antiquities of the
Vol. II, Book XX, chap. 3, Sec. 1, 66, 1137, 1138
"In the last half of that century St. Ambrose of Milan stated officially that the Abyssinian bishop, Museus, had travelled almost everywhere in the country of the Seres (China). For more than seventeen centuries the Abyssinian Church continued to sanctify Saturday as the holy day of the fourth commandment."
Ambrose, De Moribus,
Brachmanorium Opera Omnia,
1132, found in Migne, Patrologia Latina, Vol. 17, pp. 1131-1132.
Arabia, Persia, India, China:
"Mingana proves that in 370 A. D. Abyssinian Christianity (a Sabbath-keeping church) was so popular that its famous director, Musaeus, travelled extensively in the East promoting the church in Arabia, Persia, India and China."
"Truth Triumphant", p. 308, (Footnote 27).
"Ambrose, the celebrated bishop of Milan, said that when he was in Milan he observed Saturday, but when in Rome observed Sunday. This gave rise to the proverb, When you are in Rome, do as Rome does."
Heylen, "The History of the Sabbath" (1612).
Spain Council Elvira (A. D. 305)
Canon 26 of the Council of Elvira reveals that the Church of Spain at that time kept Saturday, the seventh day. "As to fasting every Sabbath: Resolved, that the error be corrected of fasting every Sabbath." This resolution of the Council is in direct opposition to the policy the Church at Rome had inaugurated, that of commanding Sabbath as a fast day in order to humiliate it and make it repugnant to the people.
It is a point of further interest to note that in north-eastern Spain near the city of Barcelona is a city called Sabadell, in a district originally inhabited, by a people called both "Valdenses" and "Sabbatati."
Persia: A. D.
(40 years persecution under Shapur II).
The popular complaint against the Christians "They despise our sun-god, they have divine services on Saturday, they desecrate the sacred the (sic) earth by burying their dead in it."
"The Truth Triumphant," p. 170.
Persia: A. D. 335-375
"They despise our sun-god. Did not Zorcaster, the sainted founder of our divine beliefs, institute Sunday one thousand years ago in honour of the sun and supplant the Sabbath of the Old Testament. Yet these Christians have divine services on Saturday."
OLeary, "The Syriac Church and Fathers,"pp. 83, 84.
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© J. F. Coltheart. 1954.
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