To Ancient SDA's ............ To "What's New?"


This article is not to prove any doctrine, but merely to share with you what I believe the Bible teaches, although I invite queries or comments.



Part one of three:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            PDF version


How you became a Christian

(as shown by the Law of Ceremonies in the Old Testament)





How does it feel to be a Christian?   –   It feels free!!


For that is the difference between Christians and non-Christians.  The natural man or woman, boy or girl, is in slavery from birth – controlled by their passions – which they cannot escape.  And just as the normal slave needs to be set free from the slave-master by an outside source, so he or she needs to be given freedom, while at the same time retaining the passions, but now under the guidance of the will.  That statement, “For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate [afterwards], that do I” must be changed to “I have a choice [beforehand]”.   Romans 7:15.   As must the thought that the devil is to blame – he can only take advantage of what we offer him and he soon learns the areas of temptation to bring to us, but he cannot originate them.


    The Message (MSG)

Romans 6 1-3  So what do we do?  Keep on sinning so God can keep on forgiving?  I should hope not!  If we’ve left the country where sin is sovereign, how can we still live in our old house there?  Or didn’t you realize we packed up and left there for good?  That is what happened in baptism [spiritually].  When we went under the water, we left the old country of sin behind; when we came up out of the water, we entered into the new country of grace—a new life in a new land!

Copyright © 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 2000, 2001, 2002 by Eugene H. Peterson

    {Ministry of Healing 176.1 to 3}

The tempted one needs to understand the true force of the will. 

This is the governing power in the nature of [the Christian] man -- the power of decision, of choice.  Everything depends on the right action of the will.  Desires for goodness and purity are right, so far as they go; but if we stop here, they avail nothing.  Many [professed Christians] will go down to ruin while hoping and desiring to overcome their evil propensities.  They do not yield the will to God.  They do not choose to serve Him.   {MH 176.1}


God has given us the power of choice; it is ours to exercise. 

We cannot change our hearts, we cannot control our thoughts, our impulses, our affections.  We cannot make ourselves pure, fit for God's service.  But we can choose to serve God, we can give Him our will; then He will work in us to will and to do according to His good pleasure.  Thus our whole nature [body, soul and spirit – physical, mental and moral] will be brought under the control of Christ.   {MH 176.2}


Through the right exercise of the will, an entire change may be made in the life.  By yielding up the will to Christ, we ally ourselves with divine power.  We receive strength from above to hold us steadfast.  A pure and noble life, a life of victory over appetite and lust, is possible to everyone who will unite his weak, wavering human will to the omnipotent, unwavering will of God.   {MH 176.3}


When we are investigating the law of ceremonies we need first to distinguish between the rituals which were to be performed by the individuals of a church congregation, and those observed by the group, although they are both interwoven at the beginning and at the end of the religious experience. 


To do this I will sometimes use the illustration of being a passenger in a car, or even a bus with other passengers, and a very talented Driver.  Along the road there may be narrow escapes from traffic accidents and other reckless drivers, but all will be evaded due to the skill of our Driver.


Now back to the scriptural way.

How should we do the Old Testament rituals today?  Should we attempt to do them?  Jesus participated in both the personal and the church ones.  But of course, there is no priesthood or temple any more so it is not possible for us to offer animal sacrifices, and we have been told that we no longer need to do so, anyway.  (Galatians 5:1 etc.)  So the answer is no!


However, because we are following in the footsteps of our Saviour who did them practically and spiritually, we can attempt a spiritual approach to them.  By this I mean that we can ask the Spirit to internalise them so that they change the way we think and behave, for “spirit” and “spiritually” are descriptions of human character as in “the spirit of the man”. 


And it is written:

    Romans 2:

28 For he is not a Jew [a follower of God], which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh: 29 but he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God. [We can’t see the motive of the other person, nor do we need to.]  

    Matthew 3:

13 Then comes Jesus from Galilee to Jordan to John, to be baptised of him. 14 But John forbad [refused] Him, saying, I have need to be baptised of You, and come You to me? 15 And Jesus answering said to him, Suffer [allow] it to be so now: for thus it becomes us [all Christians] to fulfil all [the actions of] righteousness [physical and spiritual]Then he suffered Him.


16 And Jesus, when He was baptised [which to us is a modern version of (spiritual) circumcision], went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened to him [John the Baptist, John 1:32], and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon Him: 17 and lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased [because He has joined the Christian bus “Tour”].


So this is what God wants today. 


“Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say to you, Except a man be born of water [physically] and of the Spirit [spiritually], he cannot enter into the kingdom of God”.  John 3:5.  Once this is accomplished, the ex-slave can CHOOSE his or her own way freely, and if he is wise, he will listener to his Redeemer on how to do it.  But sadly, so many ex-slave Christians want to do their own thing and they have to learn the hard way.  They walk the Christian walk, when they could take a free ride!  But to walk means being out of the car! 


That’s why it can be difficult to recognise a Christian from a natural man for there are those who are good moral men and women on the path, but they have never chosen Christ as their Saviour.


Jesus tells us that His way is easy, and if we think of it as a ride in a car then it is easy!  Riding in a vehicle with Someone else driving is the best way to describe the real Christian journey, for no matter how rough the road it is the Driver’s responsibility for speed and direction. 


But our teachers, and ourselves often, constantly think of it as a long walk which becomes very heavy and tiring!  And we ourselves somehow think that it is demeaning to accept a lift when we want to walk and prove ourselves!  Which is why the main sin offering for us when we come to say “Sorry”, is a GOAT, that independent, stubborn, and determined animal!


However, Jesus says:


    Matthew 11:

28 Come to Me, all you that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest [in the passenger’s seat, which also means becoming a “sheep” and following the Leader]. 29 Take My yoke upon you [get in My car], and learn of Me; for I am meek and lowly in heart [a good patient Driver]: and you shall find rest to your souls. 30 For My yoke is easy, and My burden is light [put your feet up and let Me drive you past that temptation].  


He knows what it is like, because while on earth He had to rely on Someone else too. 


    John 5:

19 Then answered Jesus and said to them, Verily, verily, I say to you, The Son can do nothing of Himself, but what He sees the Father do: for what things soever He does, these also does the Son likewise . . . 30 I can of My own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge [and choose]: and My judgment [decision] is just; because I seek not My own will, but the will of the Father which has sent Me.  


    Hebrews 5:

7 Who in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears [no make-believe] to Him that was able to save Him from [sin and] death, and was heard in that He feared [to do His own thing]; 8 though He were a Son [in heaven], yet learned He obedience by the things which He suffered [on earth]; 9 and being made perfect [in the eyes of the angels], He became the author [Foundation] of eternal salvation to all them that obey Him; 10 called of God a High Priest after the [priestly] order of Melchisedec.


11 Of whom we have many things to say, and hard to be uttered, seeing you are dull of hearing.  


So first, we need the knowledge of how to get in the car,

and then how to behave in it.


The beginning: [Some verses in this chapter have been re-arranged to make more sense.]

***************(Begin Quote)

Exodus 12:

1 And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 

2 This month shall be to you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the [religious] year to you [equivalent to our March/April, the season of spring in the northern hemisphere, and the beginning of your Christian walk/ride – your re-birth].

[It is your experience which marks this point – not a calendar date!]


3 Speak you to all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month [the month started with the new moon, the enquiry into a new life] they shall take [select] to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for a house. 4 And if the [number of people in the] household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next to his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb [it needs to be all eaten up in one meal, so share your beginning experience with Him amongst others if you can].

***************(End Quote)


First we need to choose to be with Christ.


“The next day John sees Jesus coming to him, and says, “Behold the Lamb of God, which takes away the sin of the world”.  John 1:29.


    John 1:

35 Again the next day after John [the Baptist] stood, and two of his disciples [one of whom was Andrew, Peter’s brother, verse 40 – the other was probably John the apostle who wrote this]; 36 and looking upon Jesus as He walked, he [John the Baptist] said, Behold the Lamb of God! 37 And the two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus.


38 Then Jesus turned, and saw them following, and said to them, What seek you?  They said to Him, Rabbi, (which is to say, being interpreted, Master,) where dwell you? [Where do you live?  We want to visit often.] 


39 He said to them, Come and see.  They came and saw where He dwelt, and abode with Him that day [stayed overnight]: for it was about the tenth hour [of a twelve hour day].  


This was the male lamb of salvation:

***************(Begin Quote)

Exodus 12:

5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: you shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: 6 and you shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening [between 3pm and sunset on the 13th day].

***************(End Quote)


A compassionate God arranged for the three day pause after the choice before the Passover/baptism so that any adult who wanted to go through this ceremony and needing to be circumcised would have time to recuperate, while at the same time the days were indicative of the period it would take for the new believer to understand and accept the ceremony in a spiritual way.


What does it represent?

    1 Corinthians 5:

6 Your glorying [boasting of being Christians – Christ-like] is not good [unless you are constantly living with Him in His car]


Know you not that a little leaven leavens the whole lump [of flour]? [A little sin will eventually separate you totally from God.] 7 Purge out therefore the old leaven [the old ways], that you may be a new lump, as you are [now] unleavened [starting afresh].  For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us. [He will stop and offer you a lift.]


    {Desire of Ages 313.1}

Worldly policy and the undeviating principles of righteousness do not blend into each other imperceptibly, like the colors of the rainbow.  Between the two a broad, clear line is drawn by the eternal God. 

The likeness of Christ stands out as distinct from that of Satan as midday in contrast with midnight.  And only those who live the life of Christ are His co-workers.  If one sin is cherished in the soul, or one wrong practice retained in the life, the whole being is contaminated.  The man becomes an instrument of unrighteousness. [Not necessarily lost, but of no positive use to God.  See 1 Corinthians 3:11-15.]  


The lamb is always spoken of as ONE animal, although there must have been thousands of them each year to feed over a million people, but each and every one of them represented our Saviour.  We need to know that the Passover ceremony was NOT a Feast or a ceremonial sabbath, but it was held on an ordinary working day (unless it coincided with a weekly Sabbath), and that it was observed at home, not in the church.


The first part of the ceremony:

***************(Begin Quote)

Exodus 12:

7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it [making the shape of a cross on the doorway].

[We need to show that we understand that it cost Someone’s life for our freedom.]


[The second part of the ritual]

8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night [after sunset, which to them was the beginning of the next day, the 14th], roast with fire, and [with] unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs [vegetables] they shall eat it. 9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden [boiled] at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance [all the edible parts] thereof. 10 And you shall let nothing of it remain until the morning [so it can be eaten at any time during the night before midnight]; and that which remains of it until the morning you shall burn with fire [any excess meat and the inedible parts were to be wasted].

***************(End Quote)  


The eating of the animal pictured the entering of the Life of God into the person (male or female) who had made a spiritual burnt offering when they chose Him, thus showing their desire to dedicate their life, and, in the case of the males, had the foreskin removed. 


This was normally done when the child was eight days old under its parents’ authority, but there was provision made for late-comers.  See Leviticus 12:3.  We need to accept His offer and ride with Him.


Why roasted?  Because His death was not an easy one. 


Circumcision was an absolute necessity:

***************(Begin Quote)

Exodus 12:

[We have moved on a few verses] 43 And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance [rules] of the Passover.  There shall no stranger [non-Christian] eat thereof: 44 but every man's servant that is bought for money [and adopted into the family, for the nation of Israel was not to have slaves, having been that themselves], when you have circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof. 45 A foreigner and a hired servant [a day worker] shall not eat thereof.


46 In one house shall it be eaten; you shall not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall you break a bone thereof. [See John 19:33-37.] 47 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.


48 And when a stranger [a non-Jew] shall sojourn with [live among] you, and will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof. 49 One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and to the stranger that sojourns [lives] among you.

***************(End Quote)


It was an exclusive ceremony, reserved for those who could demonstrate a physical condition.  Today we do not ask for evidence but accept the word of those who would like to participate in the LORD’s supper, for “. . . circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God”.   Romans 2:29.  We need to get off the road to hell!


It also means that we must give religious freedom to all to do as they please, but show the way of salvation to those who will accept it.


The first pass over:

***************(Begin Quote)    

Exodus 12: [We are back in our text]

11 And thus shall you eat it; with your loins girded [fully dressed], your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand [ready to travel]; and you shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD'S passover [pass over]. 12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will [have to allow the destroyer to] smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast [see verse 23]; and [in this way] against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment [show their helplessness]: I am the LORD [the saving One, there is no other.  Isaiah 45:5-6].

***************(End Quote)


This allowing of the killing of the first-born was NOT the voluntary action of a loving God, but a situation forced on Him by the behaviour of the idolaters because they trusted in their gods and yet had no protection from Satan. 


It is actually the deed of a very angry person who just wants to hurt, otherwise why kill the animals?  The nation was following Satan and he could do what he pleased with them.


The requirement to be ready for travel was relaxed after they left Egypt, but we should be aware today that the new life will take us on a journey of the Driver’s choice.  Therefore, for us too it should be an urgent situation, for death can come quickly and unexpectedly once we have “eaten” unless we remain in the car.  Even then, it is only the skill of our Driver which will shield us from the roadside bandit who will try and persuade or scare us out of the vehicle.


The symbolism of the blood:

***************(Begin Quote)    

Exodus 12:

13 And the blood shall be to you for a token [a sign of My protection] upon the houses where you are: and when I see the blood, I will pass [hover] over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite [have to remove My protection from] the land of Egypt.


[Everyone in the house of whatever age or religious persuasion was protected from the destroyer.  But it was when they ate the flesh that they became [in picture] part of God’s family as individuals.  John 6:53-58.  The Lamb was concerned about the person and the household of the person – his or her family and friends.]


14 And this day shall be to you for a memorial [anniversary]; and you shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; you shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever [don’t get out of the car].

***************(End Quote)


The first significance of this ritual was that it requires a knowledge and a sight of a death!  Someone else’s death!  That had already been well-known as one of the meanings of the burnt-sacrifice offering, but now this was added to that, for it illustrated more fully the death of the old life of the sinner as well, and the transition to Christianity.


      Galatians 3:19.

“Wherefore then serves the law [of ceremonies]?  It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator”. 


Then the new-born must grow in the first ceremonial Festival of the year.


A seven-day feast:

***************(Begin Quote)

Exodus 12:

15 Seven days shall you eat unleavened bread; even the first day you shall put away leaven [yeast] out of your houses: for whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.


16 And in the first day there shall be a holy convocation [a ceremonial sabbath rest day], and in the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation [another ceremonial sabbath] to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.

***************(End Quote)


This Feast was separate from, and yet adding to the experience of the Passover day, which is why it became known as an eight-day festival when it should have been a seven day one, marking the sign of completeness.


What was the purpose of this Feast of Unleavened Bread?  For the church it was an opportunity to get together and celebrate the history of their deliverance. 

For the individual it is a picture of the fact that they were to spend a special “honeymoon” period of  putting away of their old ideas and the embracing of new ones untainted with the effect of sin or error, for “leaven (yeast)” the rising agent of flour, was a symbol of sin and its effects.  It’s like talking to the Driver regarding the destination of the trip, and enjoying the scenery as we go in a bus or a car.


So it is written:

1 Corinthians 5:

8 Therefore let us [Christians] keep the Feast [of Unleavened Bread], not with old leaven [or physical yeast], neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.  [What does this mean in practise?]  


9 I wrote to you in an epistle [an earlier letter] not to company with fornicators [those who consort with idols]: 10 yet [I didn’t mean] not altogether with the fornicators of this world, or with the covetous, or extortioners, or with idolaters; for then must you needs go out of the world [altogether, which is not practical, but don’t mix with people like that socially unless you can help them].

11 But now I have written to you not to keep company, if any man [or woman] that is called a brother [or sister] be a fornicator [joined to an idol in special way], or covetous [greedy for power], or an idolater [following false gods], or a railer [one who argues a lot], or a drunkard [willingly confused on doctrine], or an extortioner [continually asking for money]; with such a one no not to eat [or be familiar].


A special week, or a lifetime?

***************(Begin Quote)

Exodus 12:

17 And you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies [your tribes] out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall you observe this day in your generations by an ordinance [ritual].


18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even [which is the night part of the 14th day in our system, and the beginning of their 15th] [1], you shall eat unleavened bread, until [sunset on] the one and twentieth day of the month at even.


19 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whoever eats that which is leavened [retains the old ideas and follows the old gods, which is like travelling in another vehicle], even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land [because He rejects My protection and My car ride, he will die in a road accident]. 20 You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall you eat unleavened bread.

***************(End Quote)


Satan has always tried to cause confusion over dates right from the beginning.  Because of this, Jesus kept His Passover meal correctly on what we would call Thursday evening, but the Pharisees were still looking forward to it when they had taken Him to Caiaphas their high priest.  “Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas to the [Roman] hall of judgment [Pilate’s government building]: and it was early [Friday morning]; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled [by contact with non-believers]; but that they might eat the Passover [in a ceremonially clean position]”.  John 18:28.  


    {Volume 2 Testimonies to the Church 598.1 to 599.1}

God gave direction to the Israelites to assemble before Him at set periods in the place which He should choose, and observe special days, wherein no unnecessary work was to be done, but the time was to be devoted to a consideration of the blessings which He had bestowed upon them. [We need to stop off at tourist areas – especially camera spots – under the supervision and choice of the Driver.] 

At these special seasons the manservant and maidservant, the stranger, the fatherless and widow -- all were directed to rejoice that God had by His own wonderful power brought them from servile bondage [slavery] to the enjoyment of freedom. 


And they were commanded not to appear before the Lord empty-handed.  They were to bring tokens of their gratitude to God for His continual mercies and blessings bestowed upon them; they were to bring gifts, freewill offerings and thank offerings unto the Lord, as He had blessed them.  These offerings were varied according to the donor's estimate of the blessings which he was privileged to enjoy. 


Thus the characters of the people were plainly developed. 

Those who placed a high value upon the blessings which God bestowed upon them brought offerings in accordance with this appreciation of His blessings.  Those whose moral powers were stupefied and benumbed by selfishness and idolatrous love of the favors received, rather than inspired by fervent love for their bountiful Benefactor, brought meager offerings.  Thus their hearts were revealed. 


Besides these special religious feast days of gladness and rejoicing, the yearly Passover was to be commemorated by the Jewish nation [as a fuel stop, a reminder of the past, for we have nothing to fear except we forget the way the LORD has led us the past].  The Lord covenanted [promised] that, if they were faithful in the observance of His requirements, He would [be able] bless them in all their increase, and in all the works of their hands.   {2T 598.1}


God requires no less of His people in these last days, in sacrifices and offerings, than He did of the Jewish nation.  Those whom He has blessed with a competency [a fair income], and even the widow and the fatherless, should not be unmindful of His blessings.  Especially should those whom He has prospered render to Him the things that are His.  They should appear before Him [wherever and whenever He asks] with a spirit of self-sacrifice and bring their offerings in accordance with the blessings He has bestowed upon them . . . {2T 599.1}


Now, today, is the time to experience the pass over [spiritually]:

***************(Begin Quote)

Exodus 12:

21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said to them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover. 22 And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.


[The protection was over the house, so don’t leave it.  Stay in the car!

Religious people say, “Stay in the faith”.]


23 For the LORD will pass through [in front of the destroyer before he is able] to smite the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts [which is your plea for help], the LORD will pass over [hover over] the door, and will not suffer [allow] the destroyer [Satan] to come in to your houses to smite you. 24 And you shall observe this thing for an ordinance to you and to your sons for ever [continually].


25 And it shall come to pass, when you be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as He has promised, that you shall keep this service [annually]. 26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say to you, What mean you by this service? 27 that you shall say, It is the sacrifice of the LORD'S passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when he [Satan] smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses [families].  And the people bowed the head and worshipped [thanked God]


[As individuals we can tell others of how we were converted

 when they ask, “What are you doing?”.]


28 And the children of Israel went away, and did as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

***************(End Quote)


Having explained the rituals, Moses went on to tell the people to do all these things, and so they did them.  All that mattered now was the possibility of an accident through a build-up of traffic on the motorway!


The death of the first-born:

***************(Begin Quote)

Exodus 12:

29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote [had to allow the killing of] all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. [This began the end of the power of the nation of Egypt.]


30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead. 31 And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both you and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as you have said. 32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also.  


33 And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men [if you stay].

34 And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading troughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders.


35 And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed(?) [they did not steal or exhort, just asked] of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment [it was payment of their wages for their years as slaves, and it would be useful when they built the sanctuary]: 36 and the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent(?) to them such things as they required.  And they spoiled the Egyptians [of their riches].


37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth [where there were many Hebrew slaves working in the mines of that area which swelled their total to] about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside [women and] children [that makes well over a million]. 38 And a mixed multitude [of foreigners] went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle. 39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual [pre-cooked food].


    [Exodus 13:

20 And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness [of Sinai]. 21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night: 22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.  [He never becomes tired.] 


    {Patriarchs and Prophets 282.2}

Says the psalmist, “He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.” Psalm 105:39.  See also 1 Corinthians 10:1, 2.  The standard of their invisible Leader was ever with them.  By day the cloud directed their journeyings or spread as a canopy above the host [if it was rest day].  It served as a protection from the burning heat, and by its coolness and moisture afforded grateful refreshment in the parched, thirsty desert.  By night it became a pillar of fire, illuminating their encampment and constantly assuring them of the divine presence.


40 Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years [from Abraham’s time – from Joseph’s time it was more like 125 years of slavery]. 41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. 42 It is a night to be much observed to the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations. 50 Thus did all the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.


51 And it came to pass the selfsame day, that the LORD did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies [their tribes].

***************(End Quote)

So how does the Christian live today – physically and spiritually? 

The Son of God starts with the seventh-day Sabbath, the day of rest and worship.  This is to be observed by both the individual and the church, and distinguishes them from the rest of the religious individuals and groups in the world.


Then comes a list:

***************(Begin Quote)

Leviticus 23:

1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 

2 Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations [special religious days], even these are My feasts [the tourist spots along the way].  


3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of rest, a holy convocation; you shall do no work therein: it is the Sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.

[This particular festival is so important that it was written

as one of the Ten Commandments.  Exodus 20:8-11.

Its spiritual meaning is that it denotes that you have given up

trying to do your own works and have accepted His gift in their place.]


[Now we turn to some of the organisation’s rituals,

which have a personal meaning as well,

which we will endeavour to unfold as we go along.

See note 1.]  


4 These are the feasts [festivals] of the LORD, even holy convocations, which you shall proclaim in their seasons [during the year].


[As mentioned before, for us the timing is set by our experience, not the calendar.]


5 In the fourteenth day of the first month [full moon] at even is the LORD's passover [as a shared evening meal].


6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is [the start of] the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the LORD: seven days you must eat unleavened bread.


7 In the first day you shall have a holy convocation [a Sabbath-like day known as a ceremonial sabbath]: you shall do no servile [ordinary] work therein. 8 But you shall offer an offering made by fire [a burnt offering] to the LORD [on each of the] seven days. In the seventh day [at the end of the Festival] is an[other] holy convocation: you shall do no servile work therein [either – they were special occasions].


[The wave sheaf:] 

9 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 

10 Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, When you be come into the land which I give to you, and shall [begin to] reap the harvest thereof, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your [first] harvest to the priest [on the 16th day of the month, the second day of the feast, a working day]: 11 and he shall wave the sheaf [up in the air for all to see] before the LORD [God and the angels], to be accepted for you [in your place]: on the morrow after the [first ceremonial] sabbath the priest shall wave it [this is “the third day” of your experience, and you know Christ is alive because He has just set you free and you want everyone else to know – acknowledge your Driver].


12 And you shall offer that day when you wave the sheaf a he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering to the LORD. 13 And the meat [food] offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire to the LORD for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of a hin.


[It does not take too much understanding to see

that the pass over lamb depicted the death of Christ, the LAMB of God

and that the wave offering shows us His resurrection.]


[The 1st day (the 14th) we can empathise with Him;

the 2nd day (the 15th) we can rest with Him;

the 3rd day (the 16th) we can tell about Him.]


14 And you shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that you have brought an offering to your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.


[This ceremony was so important that nothing of the new season was to be eaten until the meaning of it was recognised, which means that until we truly understand what the Son of God has done, we will not be able to comprehend the new and deep things of God.] 

***************(End Quote)



To Ancient SDA's ............ To "What's New?"



On to part two:



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Note 1Try these sites for more information.






[1] Seven days means this:  15,16,17,18,19,20,21.  Leviticus 23:6.