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The letter to the
One Mans "death" covers all
Peace with God
01 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ 02 by Whom also we have access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. Note 1
03 And not only so, but we glory in tribulations [or problems] also, knowing that tribulation [rightly experienced] works [or produces] patience. 04 And patience, experience; and experience, hope. 05 And hope makes not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given to us. Note 2
06 For when we were yet without strength, in due time [or, at that point in our lives] Christ died for the ungodly. 07 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die. Yet peradventure [maybe] for a good man some would even dare to die. 08 But God commends [or shows] His love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners [or repentant enemies], Christ died for us. Note 3
The "death" and the "life"
more then, being now justified by His blood [or death],
we shall be saved from wrath [to come] through Him.
10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled [and now friends], we shall be saved [from the present power of sin] by His life.
11 And not
only so, but we also joy in God
through our Lord Jesus Christ,
by whom we have now received the atonement
[the transplant operation]. Note 4
The "wages" of sin
12 Therefore, as by one man [Adam] sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned,
13 (for until [or before] the law sin was in the world, but [the result of] sin is not imputed [or clearly seen] when there is no law, 14 nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude [or likeness] of Adam's transgression, who is [also] the figure of Him that was to come.
Grace so much more powerful than sin
15 But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. [But the free gift is not like the offense. NKJ]
For, if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, (and that gift by grace, which is by one Man, Jesus Christ), has abounded [or been passed on] to many. 16 And not [just] as it was by one that sinned, [but] so [much more] is the gift.
For the judgment [or offense] was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences to justification.
17 For if by one man's offence death reigned by one, much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.) Note 5
18 Therefore, as by the offence of one, judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of One, the free gift came upon all men to justification of life. Note 7
19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of One shall many be made righteous. Note 8
The purpose of the law of ceremonies
20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound [or be more easily seen]. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound. 21 That as sin has reigned to death [in the past], even so might grace reign through righteousness [now] to eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord. Note 9
".. though sin is shown to be wide and deep, thank God His grace is wider and deeper still! The whole outlook changes - sin used to be the master of men and in the end handed them over to death: now grace is the ruling factor, with righteousness as its purpose and its end the bringing of men to the eternal life of God through Jesus Christ our Lord".
Romans 5:20-21 J. B . Phillips translation.
On to Chapter Six of the Letter ................
Return to Chapter Four
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