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PRINCIPAL CHARACTERS

places, and things

in

The book of Daniel


Click on the name to return to the book if you came from there

 

In order of appearance

Jehoiakim: (Jeh-hoy-ah-kim) His name means "Yahweh raises up"

A king of Judah - 25 years old, who was renamed by Pharaoh Necho

He reigned 11 years from 609 - 598BC - 2 Kings 23:34-36

He rebelled against Nebuchadnezzar - 2 Kings 24:1

Jeremiah was his prophet or spiritual guide- Jeremiah 1:3

 

Judah: One of the twelve tribes which made up the nation of Israel.

It, and the tribe of Benjamin, were all that were left of the tribes at this time - the other ten tribes had disappeared from the history books about one hundred years before this, although individual members of these tribes always remained in the Jewish nation. See Luke 2:36.

Nebuchadnezzar: (Neb-oo-kad-nez-ah) His name means "May (god) Nabu protect the son".

He was Crown Prince of Babylon - then king from 605 - 562BC.

He reigned 44 years- 2 Kings 24 and 25

He besieged Jerusalem three times - the last time he destroyed it and the temple. (August 586BC)

1st attack was against king Jehoiakim - 2 Kings 24:1

2nd attack was against king Jehoiachin - 2 Kings 24:8,10

3rd attack was against king Zedekiah - 2 Kings 24:17; 25:1-12

 

Babylon: The kingdom (and city) which came from obscurity and yet became great and ruled most of the civilized world in Daniel's time.

It is used in various places in the Bible as the symbol of total opposition to God's kingdom and His people because it was founded by Nimrod soon after the Flood. It was here that they built the tower of Babel as a symbol of defiance. Genesis 11:1-9. See also Revelation 17:5.

Genesis 10:8-11

"And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth. He was a mighty hunter before [or against] the LORD: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD. And the beginning of his kingdom was [the city] Babel [Babylon], and [other cities such as] Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. Out of that land [he] went forth [to] Asshur [Assyria], and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah..."

"Shinar" An area within the country of Babylon.

Daniel: His name means "God is my Judge"

He was a true-hearted Christian who was exiled to Babylon after the first siege in 605BC and renamed "Belteshazzar" by the Babylonians. That name means "Bel (or Baal) protect the king" and was an attempt by Nebuchadnezzar to indoctrinate the young Jew into Babylonian ways. He was 15-16 years old at this time (he lived about 620 - 530BC)

Hananiah: (Han-ah-nye-ah) Means "Yahweh is gracious"

He was renamed "Shadrach" by Nebuchadnezzar (meaning not known)

Mishael: (Mish-ay-el) Means "Who belongs to God?"

Renamed "Meshach" by Nebuchadnezzar (meaning not known)

Azariah: (As-ah-rye-ah) Means "Yahweh has helped"

Renamed "Abed-nego" (A servant of Nabu)

These three friends of Daniel were the ones thrown in the fiery furnace.

 

Cyrus: A great king of the Persians from 558 - 529BC (Still remembered by them)

He was son-in-law and nephew of Darius the Mede and it was he that conquered Babylon. He was called by God to release all the captives and allow them to rebuild the temple and the city. Isaiah 44:28- 45:4.

Magicians: These persons professed to do magic acts.

Astrologers: They professed to know the future from the stars.

Sorcerers: Magicians who professed to have dealings with spirits.

Chaldeans: (Kal-dee-ans)

The name of the priestly people who controlled the books of magic. They were a very influential group within Babylon.

Belshazzar: (Bell-shaz-ah) Means "Bel (or Baal) protect the king!"

He was crown prince and regent for his father, Nabonidus and grandson of Nebuchadnezzar.

Darius the Mede: (Dah-rye-us)

A leader of the Medes who became king of Babylon from 539 - 538BC under Cyrus the Persian.

The ancient/ of Days: This is a description of God the Father.

Son of man: This is a name taken by the Son of God while on earth.

"And Jesus said to him, The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man has not where to lay His head." Matthew 8:20.

Shushan: This was an ancient/ city of Persia which had become one of the new capitals under Cyrus. In later years Nehemiah was the cupbearer to the king Artaxerxes at the palacein this city and the major events of the book of Esther took place here.

Horns: Horns in prophetic writing indicate a power, smaller than a world-wide nation, which is why they are on an animal. Sometimes one may even represent a powerful person.

The certain Saint: Michael (His name means He who is like God). We now know Him as Jesus. The wise man of the Old Testament asked these questions.

Who has ascended up into heaven, or descended? Who has gathered the wind in His fists? Who has bound the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name, and what is His Son's name, if you can tell? Proverbs 30:4.

And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great Prince which stands for the children of your people: Dan.12.1

The 2nd saint: The angel Gabriel. See verse 8:16 where Christ uses his name. He has appeared at other times in history too.

And the angel answering said to him [the father of John the baptist], I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; and am sent to speak to you, and to show you these glad tidings. Luke 1:19.

And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, to a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary. And the angel came in to her, and said, Hail, you that are highly favoured, the Lord is with you: blessed are you among women. Luke 1:26.

Time of the end: This is a period in the last days just before the second coming. It is not the end of time, for it is quite a while after the advent that eternity begins. ............. Back to Daniel 11

Baal (Baalim): Baal is the name of the god of force. He is also called Satan the adversary, or enemy. Baalim is the plural of his name because he has many helpers - one third of the angels of heaven left with him during his rebellion.

And there was war [fought with words, Ephesians 6:17, Hebrews 4:12] in heaven: Michael and His angels fought against the dragon [leaving his home in heaven]; and the dragon fought and his angels, and prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceives the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. Revelation 12:7-9.

And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, He has reserved in everlasting chains [of disobedience] under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. Jude 1:6.

Anyone who uses force or undue persuasion in religion (especially in law) is actually worshipping at the altar of this god or his goddess.

King of the North: This was originally a geographic description but now it means any state where religion controls the government.

King of the South: Originally a geographic description but now it means any state where the government is greater than the religion.

On to... The book of Daniel

 

See also "Some Terminology"


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